- 1 Where exactly is Cyprus located?
- 2 Was Cyprus part of the Byzantine Empire?
- 3 Which part of Cyprus is Turkish?
- 4 Is Cyprus dangerous?
- 5 What language is spoken in Cyprus?
- 6 Who owns Cyprus?
- 7 What religion is Cyprus?
- 8 Is Cyprus Islamic country?
- 9 Who did Cyprus originally belong to?
- 10 What was Cyprus called in ancient times?
- 11 Who were the original inhabitants of Cyprus?
- 12 Is Cyprus safe for tourists?
- 13 Do you need a Turkish visa for Northern Cyprus?
- 14 Why did Turkey take over Cyprus?
Where exactly is Cyprus located?
listen)), officially called the Republic of Cyprus, is an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and is located south of Turkey; west of Syria; northwest of Lebanon, Israel and the Gaza Strip; north of Egypt; and southeast of Greece.
Was Cyprus part of the Byzantine Empire?
For almost 300 years Cyprus was a kind of condominium (joint dominion) of the Byzantine Empire and the Caliphate, and, although the treaty was frequently violated by both sides, the arrangement lasted until 965, when the emperor Nicephorus II Phocas gained Cyprus completely for the Byzantines.
Which part of Cyprus is Turkish?
North Cyprus is situated below Turkey on the map, and is also known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) or KKTC in the Turkish language. The main language spoken in North Cyprus is Turkish, however most people also speak English.
Is Cyprus dangerous?
Cyprus is generally very safe to travel to, even though it is geographically close to countries hit by terrorism and wars. Petty crime does occur, especially during the holidays and summer.
What language is spoken in Cyprus?
Cyprus has two official languages: Greek and Turkish. The island is divided into two, and the Cypriot Turks live to the north, the Greek Cypriots to the south. Around 2.7% of each also speak the minority languages Armenian and Arabic, and most of these also speak Greek.
Who owns Cyprus?
The Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognised government of the Republic of Cyprus, that controls the southern two-thirds of the island. Aside from Turkey, all foreign governments and the United Nations recognise the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island of Cyprus.
What religion is Cyprus?
Religion is closely tied to one’s cultural identity in Cyprus. The majority of Greek Cypriots identify as Orthodox Christians, while most Turkish Cypriots identify as Muslim. There are also small Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, Anglican and Catholic Christian communities.
Is Cyprus Islamic country?
Muslims make up about 25% of the Cypriot population. Turkish Cypriots are the minority of the island and adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Sufism also plays an important role. Historically, Muslims were spread over the whole of Cyprus, but since 1974 they have lived primarily in the north after the Turkish invasion.
Who did Cyprus originally belong to?
British Cyprus (1914–60) Cyprus’ status as a protectorate of the British Empire ended in 1914 when the Ottoman Empire declared war against the Triple Entente powers, which included Great Britain. Cyprus was then annexed by the British Empire on 5 November 1914.
What was Cyprus called in ancient times?
The history of the city dates back to the Bronze Age. In antiquity and in early Christian times it was known as Ledra. It has been the capital of Cyprus since the Late Byzantine period (11th century).
Who were the original inhabitants of Cyprus?
Ancient Greeks (primarily Achaeans) started settling Cyprus during the Late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians were known to have lived alongside the Greeks who with time had become Hellenized.
Is Cyprus safe for tourists?
There are a few complications as to the logistics of where you are allowed to enter into and out of Cyprus. But despite the conflict that has plagued the region, and has left it in a state of political uncertainty, Cyprus is considered a very safe area to visit, with very little violent crime.
Do you need a Turkish visa for Northern Cyprus?
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempted from visa. Turkmenistan: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days. Tuvalu: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Why did Turkey take over Cyprus?
The aim of the coup was the union (enosis) of Cyprus with Greece, and the Hellenic Republic of Cyprus to be declared. In July 1974, Turkish forces invaded and captured 3% of the island before a ceasefire was declared. The Greek military junta collapsed and was replaced by a democratic government.