- 1 Why is Cyprus divided?
- 2 Who started the war in Cyprus?
- 3 How many people were killed in Cyprus?
- 4 Is Cyprus dangerous?
- 5 Is Cyprus Islamic country?
- 6 What religion is Cyprus?
- 7 Why is Cyprus so important?
- 8 What is the main language spoken in Cyprus?
- 9 How many died in Cyprus war?
- 10 Why is Famagusta still forbidden?
- 11 Why are there still British military bases in Cyprus?
- 12 Does UK own part of Cyprus?
- 13 Why does the UK own part of Cyprus?
Why is Cyprus divided?
Cyprus has been divided, de facto, into the Greek Cypriot controlled southern two-thirds of the island and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus a third. Its territory, a result of the Turkish invasion of 1974 and whose status remains disputed, extends over the northern third of the island.
Who started the war in Cyprus?
The 1974 Cypriot coup d’état, initiated by the Greek military junta, was followed five days later by Turkey’s invasion, leading to the occupation of the northern part of the internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus.
How many people were killed in Cyprus?
Some 300 to 400 individuals, including 193 Turkish Cypriots and 133 Greek Cypriots, were killed. Some 20,000 to 25,000 Turkish Cypriots were displaced during the conflict.
Is Cyprus dangerous?
Cyprus is generally very safe to travel to, even though it is geographically close to countries hit by terrorism and wars. Petty crime does occur, especially during the holidays and summer.
Is Cyprus Islamic country?
Muslims make up about 25% of the Cypriot population. Turkish Cypriots are the minority of the island and adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Sufism also plays an important role. Historically, Muslims were spread over the whole of Cyprus, but since 1974 they have lived primarily in the north after the Turkish invasion.
What religion is Cyprus?
Religion is closely tied to one’s cultural identity in Cyprus. The majority of Greek Cypriots identify as Orthodox Christians, while most Turkish Cypriots identify as Muslim. There are also small Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, Anglican and Catholic Christian communities.
Why is Cyprus so important?
Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the Commonwealth since 1961 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.
What is the main language spoken in Cyprus?
Cyprus has two official languages: Greek and Turkish. The island is divided into two, and the Cypriot Turks live to the north, the Greek Cypriots to the south. Around 2.7% of each also speak the minority languages Armenian and Arabic, and most of these also speak Greek.
How many died in Cyprus war?
The violence resulted in the death of 364 Turkish and 174 Greek Cypriots, destruction of 109 Turkish Cypriot or mixed villages and displacement of 25,000–30,000 Turkish Cypriots. The British Daily Telegraph later called it an “anti Turkish pogrom”.
Why is Famagusta still forbidden?
The former resort suburb of Famagusta was abandoned and declared a buffer zone between the communities of the island after the Turkish military intervened as a guarantor power following a Greece-inspired coup attempt in 1974. The town also hosted a rich library that offered books in Turkish, Greek and English.
Why are there still British military bases in Cyprus?
The United Kingdom retains a military presence on the island in order to keep a strategic location at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, for use as a staging point for forces sent to locations in the Middle East and Asia. BFC is a tri-service command, with all three services based on the island reporting to it.
Does UK own part of Cyprus?
The United Kingdom granted independence to Cyprus on 16 August 1960 and formed the Republic of Cyprus. As part of the independence agreement, the United Kingdom retained possession of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia as a British Overseas Territory.
Why does the UK own part of Cyprus?
Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, after 82 years of British control. The UK was also a signatory to a treaty with Greece and Turkey concerning the independence of Cyprus, the Treaty of Guarantee, which maintains that Britain is a “guarantor power” of the island’s independence.